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Unlock the Digital 3D World: NURBs and Polygon 3D models and where they are used.

Logo of Coast Team Studio with showing polygon 3D models

The digital realm offers boundless opportunities for interaction with 3D content, transforming how we perceive and engage with the virtual world. From captivating 3D video animations to immersive augmented reality (AR) experiences, 3D modeling plays a crucial role. In this comprehensive guide, we'll explore where 3D meets the digital world, explore the main types of 3D modeling, and examine their diverse applications.

Where We Can Meet 3D in the Digital World

3D modeling has revolutionized numerous industries by enabling the creation of realistic and interactive digital representations. Here's a closer look at where 3D makes a significant impact in the digital world:

3D video animation has become a staple in various sectors, from entertainment to education. By creating lifelike characters and environments, 3D animations captivate audiences and convey complex ideas effectively. 3D animation enhances storytelling and engagement in movies, commercials, and educational videos.

Lamborghini 3D render on the black rocks
Example of commercial render

3D technology is widely used in commercial images to create realistic and visually engaging architectural renderings. By leveraging 3D modeling and rendering techniques, commercial images can showcase architectural designs from various angles, highlight critical features, and provide a compelling visualization of proposed structures. This not only aids in marketing and advertising efforts but also allows clients and stakeholders to understand better and envision the result of a construction project. Additionally, 3D technology enables the incorporation of intricate details and realistic lighting effects, contributing to the overall impact of commercial images for architectural projects.

3D render of Unassembled power bank
Product concept 3D render

3D rendering is an essential tool for visualizing prototypes before they are produced. It allows designers and stakeholders to see an accurate representation of the final product, including its textures, colors, and lighting. By creating detailed 3D renders, potential issues can be identified and resolved before the prototype is manufactured, saving time and resources. Additionally, 3D renders can showcase the product to potential investors or clients, helping them understand and appreciate the design before it is built.

3D render of trash inside kidsroom
Example of interior render

Architectural 3D renderings have transformed how we visualize buildings and spaces before they are constructed. Architects and designers can present their concepts to clients by generating detailed and realistic images. These renderings help in making informed decisions and refining designs.

Augmented Reality (AR)

AR technology adds a new dimension to the real world by overlaying digital content, making our world interactive and immersive. From gaming to retail, AR leverages 3D models to enhance user engagement. Thanks to AR applications, customers can visualize furniture in their homes before purchasing.

Virtual Reality (VR)

Similar to AR, VR immerses users in a completely virtual environment. VR uses 3D models to create realistic simulations for training, entertainment, and design purposes. Industries such as healthcare, real estate, and gaming benefit immensely from VR's ability to provide lifelike experiences.

Interactive 3D Websites and Apps

Interactive 3D websites and apps offer users a dynamic way to explore products, spaces, and concepts. These platforms, powered by 3D models, create engaging interfaces, allowing users to interact meaningfully with content. From virtual tours to online configurators, 3D enhances user experience and fosters a deeper connection with the digital world.

PC and Mobile Games

3D technology has revolutionized how games are designed and played in today's gaming world. 3D has undeniably enhanced the gaming experience from immersive environments to lifelike characters. 3D in games allows for realistic visuals, creating a sense of depth and perspective that draws players into the virtual world. Additionally, 3D technology has facilitated the development of virtual reality (VR) games, offering players an entirely new level of immersion. As technology advances, the quality and realism of 3D in games are expected to improve further, providing gamers with even more engaging and captivating experiences.

And even more

In smartphones, 3D technology can create personalized haptic feedback experiences by mapping the unique contours of an individual's hand or fingertips. By capturing and analyzing 3D data, smartphones could generate custom haptic responses that align with the user's specific touch patterns, offering a more intuitive and tailored tactile interaction with mobile devices. 3D technology can be harnessed in medical scanners for non-invasive blood vessel mapping and analysis. Advanced 3D imaging techniques could enable the creation of detailed and dynamic virtual models of a patient's vascular network, allowing healthcare professionals to visualize and assess blood flow, potential abnormalities, and treatment options with unprecedented clarity and detail. Moreover, 3D technology could be used in automotive safety for real-time driver biometric monitoring and analysis to enhance vehicle safety systems. By integrating 3D facial recognition and gaze tracking, vehicles could adapt safety features based on the driver's unique characteristics and behavior, optimizing accident prevention measures and ensuring a more personalized and responsive driving experience. These innovative applications of 3D technology underscore its potential to revolutionize diverse domains and pave the way for novel and impactful advancements beyond conventional uses, instilling a sense of optimism and hope for the future.

Two Main Types of 3D Modeling: NURBs and Polygon

3D modeling techniques vary depending on the project's requirements. The two primary types of 3D modeling are NURBS (Non-Uniform Rational B-splines) and Polygon modeling. Each method has distinct characteristics and is suited to different applications. NURBs modeling, for instance, is ideal for creating smooth and organic shapes. In contrast, Polygon modeling is more suitable for creating complex and detailed objects.

Polygon Modeling

Polygon modeling is a fundamental technique used in 3D graphics to create intricate and detailed objects by manipulating vertices, edges, and faces to form polygons. These polygons can range from simple shapes like triangles to more complex ones with multiple sides, allowing for a wide variety of shapes to be constructed. The level of detail in a polygon model is directly tied to the number of polygons used, with low-poly models containing fewer polygons suitable for simpler shapes and high-poly models containing more polygons for highly detailed designs. This versatile modeling method finds extensive application in diverse fields such as gaming, animation, and virtual reality, thanks to its ability to craft objects with varying intricacy and detail levels.

Compasion of polygon amounts for spheres
Different level of details - Polygon models

In the image above, spheres with different polygon counts are shown. On the left are eight polygons; in the center, 224 polygons; and on the right, 16,128 polygons. As you can see, greater surface accuracy requires more polygons.

NURBs Modeling

NURB modeling, short for Non-Uniform Rational B-splines modeling, is a sophisticated mathematical technique used in computer graphics and computer-aided design (CAD). It involves the creation of smooth, precise, and complex surfaces using curves. NURB modeling is highly versatile and widely employed in architectural 3D rendering, 3D interior rendering, product rendering, architectural 3D renderings, and architecture rendering. It is also extensively used in 3D video animation, CGI rendering, and video production agencies. The technique is known for its ability to represent freeform surfaces with high precision and accuracy. Furthermore, NURBs modeling is utilized in corporate video production services, video production, 3D animation, and corporate video production, making it a crucial tool across various industries.

Sphere by 3D NURBs model
Sphere by 3D NURBs model

In the image above, you can see a 3D model of a sphere created using NURBS modeling. It only displays one level of detail, but it appears perfect no matter how closely you examine it. This is similar to the difference between raster and vector graphics. Raster graphics are more flexible, while vector graphics are always perfect at any scale.

Differences Between NURBs and Polygon Modeling

Why must we use polygon models if NURBs are perfect at this stage? It's not like that—each modeling method is better for a specific task, but not for all.


NURBS (Non-Uniform Rational B-splines) models are widely recognized for their high precision owing to their mathematical foundation. This makes them ideal for applications requiring exceptional accuracy, including 3D architectural renderings and product rendering. These models are characterized by their ability to represent complex curves and surfaces accurately.

On the other hand, polygon models, while less precise than NURB models, offer enhanced manipulation flexibility and are more accessible for editing and modification. This makes them suitable for 3D video animation and CGI rendering. Polygon modeling is also a preferred choice for applications requiring greater adaptability and ease of manipulation, such as architectural 3D rendering and 3D interior rendering.


NURBS (Non-Uniform Rational B-Splines) modeling is well-suited for dealing with intricate, smooth surfaces because it can precisely represent curves and surfaces using mathematical formulas, resulting in high-quality, visually pleasing results, essential for architecture render and video production agencies. On the other hand, polygon modeling excels at creating highly detailed, textured objects by utilizing a mesh of polygons to represent surfaces, making it ideal for intricate surface details and textures, beneficial for rendered images and 3D animated video production.


In real-time applications like gaming and augmented reality, polygon models, especially those with lower polygons, perform more efficiently, which is critical for video production and 3D animation. Lower-poly models require less computational power to render, resulting in smoother gameplay and better user experiences. On the other hand, NURBs (Non-Uniform Rational B-Splines) models, while capable of intricate detailing, can be computationally demanding due to their complex mathematical representations, potentially impacting real-time performance in applications where quick rendering is crucial.

Main Applications of 3D Models

3D models are integral to various industries with specific requirements and standards. Here are the main applications of 3D models and the types of modeling suited for each:

3D Models for Mass Production (NURBs)

Precision plays a critical role in mass production. Automotive, aerospace, and industrial design heavily rely on Non-Uniform Rational B-spline (NURBS) modeling to craft intricate and accurate prototypes meticulously. By utilizing NURB modeling, these industries ensure that every component fits with utmost precision, thus significantly reducing the margin for error during manufacturing. This level of precision is essential in ensuring the quality and functionality of the final products.

3D Models for 3D Printing - NURBs or High Poly

3D printing technology has brought about a significant shift in the landscape of prototyping and manufacturing processes. This innovative technology offers the flexibility of using both NURBS (Non-Uniform Rational B-Splines) and high-poly (high polygon) models for 3D printing, depending on the specific requirements of the design. High-poly models are often preferred for intricate and detailed designs due to their accurate representation of complex geometric shapes, which is essential for architecture and product rendering. On the other hand, NURBs models are favored for their capacity to ensure precise dimensional accuracy, making them an ideal option for designs that require exact measurements and accurate curves.

3D Models for Visualization and Special Effects - High Poly

High-poly models play a crucial role in enhancing visual effects and animations in various industries, such as film, television, and advertising, making them essential for corporate video production services and companies. They are essential for creating lifelike and intricate visual effects, bringing a sense of realism and detail that captivates audiences. These highly detailed 3D models capture viewers' attention and are widely used in creating compelling visual content.

3D Models for Games or Augmented Reality (AR) - Low or High Poly

Gaming and AR applications require models that balance detail and performance. Low-poly models are essential for maintaining smooth performance in real-time applications. In contrast, high-poly models enhance visual fidelity for cutscenes and close-up interactions, benefiting from 3D video animation and 3D renderings. AR applications benefit from both, depending on the complexity of the experience.

What can we offer?

At Coast Team Studio, we have extensive experience in both NURBs and polygonal modeling. Our services cover everything from developing models for production to static or animated visualizations and special effects, essential for architecture rendering, 3D animation videos, and product renderings. We pride ourselves on delivering product development services, 3D animations, and product renderings tailored to our clients' needs.


What are the main differences between NURBs and Polygon modeling for 3D video animation?

NURB modeling uses mathematical curves to create smooth and precise surfaces, ideal for high-precision architectural 3D renderings and architecture rendering. Polygon modeling constructs objects using vertices, edges, and faces, offering flexibility and ease of manipulation for various CGI rendering applications.

Which type of modeling is better for 3D printing?

Both NURBs and high-poly models can be used for 3D printing. NURBS models provide dimensional accuracy, while high-poly models are preferred for intricate designs requiring great detail and video production agencies.

Why are high-poly models essential for visualization and special effects?

High-poly models offer the detail and realism necessary for creating captivating visual effects and animations in film, television, and advertising. These models enhance the overall visual experience for audiences and rendered images.

How do low-poly models benefit gaming and AR applications?

Low-poly models ensure smooth performance in real-time applications like gaming and AR, where maintaining high frame rates is crucial. They balance visual fidelity and performance efficiency.

Can NURBs modeling handle complex shapes?

NURB modeling handles complex, freeform shapes with high precision and 3D animation, making it ideal for automotive and aerospace design industries.

What services does Coast Team Studio offer?

Coast Team Studio offers comprehensive 3D modeling services, including NURBs and polygonal modeling, for various applications. Our expertise spans 3D architectural renderings, animations, product rendering, and all stages of product development.

Coast Team Studio Logo


3D modeling is a transformative technology that shapes our digital experiences, from stunning 3D video animations to interactive AR applications. Understanding the differences between NURBs and Polygon modeling helps choose the right approach for specific projects. At Coast Team Studio, we leverage our expertise in both modeling techniques to deliver exceptional results across various industries. Whether for mass production, 3D printing, or visualization, our 3D models bring ideas to life with precision and creativity. Feel free to reach out to us with any questions you may have. We're here to help with any concerns you may have.


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